Medical marijuana also known as medical cannabis is derived from the hemp plant or cannabis sativa, which was traditionally used for medicinal purposes. In the current generation, medical cannabis is often prescribed and administered by qualified medical practitioners. Its useful qualities are attributed to cannabinoids like cannabidiol (CBD), one of its non-psychoactive compounds, which improves brain functionality with no “high” feeling implications. There are many ways to consume THC and CBD, such as the use of ccell vape cartridges.
Other compounds include tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) a compound responsible for the “high” feeling since it’s a psychoactive compound. Two drugs known as dronabinol or marinol and nabilone (casamet) have been made in THC synthetic forms. CBN is the third compound of marijuana. WebMD, however, informs that most of the products of medical marijuana are highly concentrated with THC and CBD.
Clinical Uses of Medical Marijuana
Rosalie informs that although there has been limited medical research on medicinal uses of cannabis due to restrictions from the government, some tests have been conducted concerning the safety and effectiveness of marijuana in easing particular symptoms in some illnesses. Some of the medical purposes of marijuana include but are not limited to:
- Easing nausea as well as curbing vomiting during chemotherapy in the cancer treatment process.
- Increasing appetite in patients living with HIV/AIDs and Cancer.
- Used as an anti-inflammatory drug, especially in rheumatoid arthritis.
- Treats insomnia by improving sleep.
- Helps in the management of some neurological as well as psychological disturbances, such as anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) among trauma victims.
- Treats epilepsy and other seizure disorders.
- Treatment of pain that is chronic.
- It helps in treating multiple sclerosis by easing muscle spasms.
Administration of Medical Marijuana
- Oral Administration: This means taking marijuana through the mouth. For example, in the form of Capsules, oils, tinctures, or anything edible.
- Topical administration: This may include uses of dermal patches.
- Inhalation: This includes smoking and vaping.
- Suppository administration: This is using rectal or vaginal organs for the administration of marijuana tablets.
Legalization of Medical Marijuana
The issue of marijuana legalization has been on the rise recently. Some states want its usage legalized. They have gone even to the extent of persuading and introducing bills that have led to the legalization of the same. Other states are still debating on legalizing it and probably haven’t found concrete evidence for doing so. However, in those states that marijuana hasn’t been legalized, some groups of individuals secretly use it for recreational purposes.
Medical Marijuana Legalized States
The United States of America has 91% of people supporting medical marijuana legalization, which has resulted in almost 40 states in the USA legalizing it. Among the first states in the USA to legalize medical cannabis were as follows: California in 1996, followed by Alaska, Oregon, and Washington in 1998. Maine was the last state to legalize marijuana in the 1990s after passing the law in 1999.
The rest of the states legalized medical marijuana from the year 2000. Colorado, Hawaii, and Nevada were the first states to pass the marijuana legalization law beginning in that year. Vermont and Montana did the same in the year 2004. In the year 2006, Rhode Island passed the weed bill, and in 2007. New Mexico followed suit. In the following year, 2008, Michigan State legalized marijuana, followed by Arizona. District of Columbia, together with New Jersey, legalized marijuana in 2010. Thereafter, Delaware State did the same in 2011. Two more states- Massachusetts and Connecticut legalized marijuana in 2012, while Illinois and New Hampshire did it in 2013.
Meanwhile, in Maryland, Minnesota, and New York, marijuana got legalized in the year 2014. The states that allowed marijuana legalization in 2016 were Pennsylvania, Ohio, North Dakota, Louisiana, and Florida, together with Arkansas. In 2017, West Virginia was not left behind. In 2018, three more states legalized marijuana-Utah, Oklahoma, and Missouri. Mississippi, South Dakota, and Virginia states legally accepted marijuana in 2020.
NCSL informs that the latest state to legalize Medical Marijuana was Alabama, which it did this year(2021).
States Considering Legalizing Medical Marijuana
In the United States of America, every state, with the exception of Nebraska and Idaho, has atleast put into consideration passing legislation permitting legalized use of medical Marijuana, despite many being restrictive. States like:
- New York is in the process of legalizing marijuana.
- Rhode Island: political leaders in this state have put forward interests in making legal the use of medical marijuana.
- Virginia has also come up with a budget for legalizing cannabis. Its cabinet secretaries among other officials have come up with recommendations on how to legalize weed.
- Maryland: A bill for 2021 to legalize marijuana for recreational purposes has been presented by one of the lawmakers.
- Kentucky: its house supported a bill to legalize marijuana use in 2020, but the corona virus pandemic slowed the process down.
- South Carolina has brought into consideration the issue of legalizing medical marijuana.
Although most states in the U.S. have legalized medical marijuana, some are in the process of legalizing medical marijuana. It’s good to note that the United Nations policies regulate these legalities. However, they are based on the possession, consumption, growing, and transportation of the same. Under the single convention treaty, marijuana is grouped as a schedule 1 drug. Even if it can be allowed for medical use, it should also be considered an addictive drug with serious effects if abused. Most states have legalized marijuana purposely for medicinal use and not for recreational uses, although most of these states are revising the bill to accommodate both.